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Vehicle Tracking Tech Evolution


Vehicle tracking systems have become indispensable tools for modern businesses. These systems are used to optimize operational processes in various areas such as security, fleet management, route planning, trailer tracking, and international transportation. Different types of vehicle tracking systems, emerging with the evolution of technology, provide tailored solutions to meet the needs of businesses. Here is a detailed examination of these systems:

1. Vehicle Tracking with Mobile Phone Calls:

In this method, a tracking operator in a central location constantly communicates with the driver to track the journey. While the ability to establish quick communication is advantageous, there are drawbacks such as dependency on the driver and the inability to reach the driver when the phone is turned off.


  • Quick communication.
  • Simple technology.


  • Dependency on the driver.
  • Inability to reach the driver when the phone is off.

2. Vehicle Tracking with Smart Boxes and Keys:

This system, with control devices placed at specific points, is particularly used in situations requiring task control. It is easy to use but has drawbacks such as dependency on the operator and high cost.


  • Easy to use.
  • Provides clear results in a confined area.


  • Dependency on the operator.
  • High cost.

3. Vehicle Tracking with Mobile Communication-Based Systems:

GSM-supported vehicle tracking systems are typically classified into two categories: active and passive. Active systems have the capability to transmit real-time location information, whereas passive systems receive location data at specific intervals.

In the context of an active GSM-supported vehicle tracking system:

These systems can transmit real-time location information and provide swift access to this data. Their operational principle involves requesting the vehicle’s current location information through SMS. As a result, operators can promptly acquire real-time location data, facilitating more effective fleet management and operational planning.


  • Quick communication.
  • Low software and hardware costs.


  • Location information cannot be obtained when the cell phone is off.
  • Requires special permission due to legal regulations.

Passive GSM-Supported Vehicle Tracking System:

Passive systems can receive location information at specific intervals. The vehicle’s location information is automatically recorded within a certain time frame, and access to this data can be obtained later. These systems are used to monitor the general movements of the fleet by updating the location information at specific time intervals.


  • Location information can be regularly obtained at specific intervals.
  • Lower energy consumption.


  • Location updates may be less frequent compared to active systems.
  • Lower ability to respond to the need for quick and real-time information.

4. GPS-Based Vehicle Tracking System:

GPS is a system used to determine latitude and longitude coordinates. Consisting of space, control, and user regions, this system provides more precise tracking compared to other methods.


  • Precise and comprehensive tracking.
  • Global positioning.


  • High initial cost.

Applications of Vehicle Tracking Systems:

Vehicle tracking systems help businesses enhance operational efficiency in various areas.


  • Security: Ensuring the security of vehicles through real-time tracking.
  • Fleet Management: Efficiently managing vehicle fleets.
  • Route Planning: Creating optimized routes.
  • Trailer Tracking: Monitoring loads on trailers.
  • International Transportation: Managing cross-border transportation operations.


Vehicle tracking systems continually evolve with technological advancements, providing businesses with greater control and efficiency. When selecting the most suitable systems for their needs, businesses should consider the advantages and disadvantages. This way, they can make the most of the opportunities offered by technology.

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